Situated in Foca in Izmir province, Phokaia is one of the twelve Ionian cities. Originally founded as a colony by the settlers from Phokis in Grecce, Phokaia quickly developed into an important port city.

The Ionian uprisings that lasted until 494 BC finally resulted in the Persian invasion, after which the ancient city of Phokaia lost its power. Fortunately many archeological findings still survive.